The Siyag area was established with the aim of concentrating the Bedouins who remained in Israel after the 1948 war and enabling control of their movements. It stretched over 1.1 million dunams, or some 10% of the Negev (or in Arabic Naqab). A document from June 1956 lists several changes to the Siyag’s boundaries and refers to the transfer of Bedouins in the service of Israeli interests in the area.

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Plan for the Bedouin Siyag area
June 24, 1956